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  1. Nutrients Removed with Harvested Corn, Soybean, and Wheat Grain in Ohio

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-74

    quantities of nutrients from the soil over the course of a growing season. These nutrients are incorporated ... with fertilizers or manures, then plant-available soil nutrient levels will draw down over time and the ... fertility of a soil will be compromised.   The Tri-State Fertilizer Recommendations advocate a build-up and ...

  2. Phytophthora Root and Crown Rot of Fruit Trees

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-06

    Heavy, wet soils that remain saturated for extended periods of time are required for disease development. ... green. To observe below-ground symptoms, you need to remove several inches of soil around the base of the ... soilborne fungi, many of which are common inhabitants of most orchard soils. Some species that are not ...

  3. Cover Crop Fundamentals

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/agf-142

    a cover crop is to benefit the soil and/or other crops, but is not intended to be harvested for feed or ... sale. Some of the primary benefits from cover crops include: 1. Soil quality improvements —Soil tilth is ... off. Cover crops protect the soil surface and reduce sealing. Also, beneficial organisms in the soil ...

  4. Role of Soil Bacteria

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-36

    soil is disturbed less and plant diversity increases, the soil food web becomes more balanced and ... with Microbes: A Gardener’s Guide to the Soil Food Web, Chapter 3: Bacteria, Timber Press, Portland, ... Natural Resources Microbes in the soil are directly tied to nutrient recycling especially carbon, ...

  5. Fusarium Head Blight or Head Scab of Wheat, Barley and other Small Grain Crops

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-cer-06

    infected grain and grass stubble, chaff, and cornstalk residue left on the soil surface. They survive as ... These fungi continue to grow and produce spores from harvest until the residues decompose in the soil ... from the soil, it frequently dies before it becomes established. Seedling blight is first noticed when ...

  6. Bacterial Crown Gall of Fruit Crops

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-19

    crown, trunk, or canes. Galls usually develop on the crown or trunk of the plant near the soil line or ... galls on apple branch. Causal Organism The crown gall bacterium is soil-borne and persists for long ... periods of time in the soil in plant debris. It requires a fresh wound in order to infect and initiate ...

  7. Improving Biomass Properties via Densification and Upgrading

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-6605

    Netherlands, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), 2005. PDF ... .  publications.tno.nl/publication/34628560/S7JA61/c05073.pdf. Caslin, Barry, John Finnan, Chris Johnston, Alistair McCracken, and Linda Walsh. Short Rotation ... Coppice Willow, Best Practice Guidelines. Carlow: Agriculture and Food Development Authority, 2015. PDF ...

  8. Cork Spot and Bitter Pit of Apples

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-01

    most common on Granny Smith, Delicious, Grimes Golden and Northern Spy in Ohio. Low soil pH, light ... addition of agricultural ground limestone to the soil at planting, according to soil test recommendations. ... Limestone should be added at three to five year intervals after planting, based on soil tests. In addition ...

  9. Leather Rot of Strawberry

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-09

    on berries in direct contact with the soil. Causal Organism Leather rot is caused by the fungus  ... form within infected fruit as they mummify. These oospores can remain viable in soil for long periods ... below the soil surface. Oospores formed within the mummified fruit enable the fungus to survive the ...

  10. Best Management Practices for Boom Spraying

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-527

    Application type Some pesticides are highly volatile and may require incorporation into soil after ... and at the following web address: https://ohioline.osu.edu/aex-fact/index.html. 4. Determine sprayer ... (soil type, moisture). Also, do not rely on the tachometer or speedometer on the tractor or sprayer. ...

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